By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of fuel and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics study and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe parts in either sustainable power and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation bargains technique simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discounts and effort safeguard. complex membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable power and environmental purposes offers a complete evaluate of membrane utilisation and integration inside of power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane tactics and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and gasoline energy crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 experiences membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gasoline, ordinary gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels construction. half 4 covers membranes for replacement power purposes and effort garage, akin to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.
With its exclusive editors and staff of professional individuals, complex membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers drawn to this field.
- Presents a finished evaluation of membrane technological know-how and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane procedures and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the most important problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength functions and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Additional info for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
2 Nanocomposite membranes (nano-enhanced membranes) In another approach to membrane development processes, researchers focused on incorporating inorganic nanoparticles into polymeric materials, which resulted in the formation of nanocomposite (nano-enhanced) membranes with improved mechanical and physicochemical properties. Various nanomaterials have been employed as ﬁller, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), nanoclay, nanosilver, and nanosized TiO2, ZnO, Al2O3, Fe3O4, SiO2, and ZrO2. More details about developments in nanocomposite membranes and their performance in water treatment are presented in the following sections.
2012; Mollahosseini, Rahimpour, Jahamshahi, Peyravi, & Khavarpour, 2012). Silver is believed by some researchers (Danilczuk, Lund, Saldo, Yamada, & Michalik, 2006) to be nonallergic, nontoxic, and environmentally friendly. , 2008). Research has shown that incorporation of Ag nanoparticles onto the surface or in the matrix of membranes is effective against the bacteria E. coli, Pseudomonas mendocina KR1, P. , 2009). , 2009). Chamakura, Perez-Ballestero, Luo, Bashir, and Liu (2011) 16 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment described in detail the steps of the antibacterial mechanism including (1) generation of reactive oxygen species indirectly, (2) direct interaction of Ag with proteins and lipids in the cell wall and also proteins in the cytoplasmic membrane, and (3) interaction with deoxyribonucleic acid.
00001-0 Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 4 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment of the membrane. Methods to overcome the challenges of membrane modiﬁcation have been well established for polymeric membranes. Much research on membrane science and technology has focused on the development of new membrane preparation techniques and material. An alternate way to improve membrane performance including permeability and selectivity involves introducing second phases into the membrane matrix.